The wall of the colon is made up of layers of tissue. Colon cancer occurs when abnormal cells form in the inner layer of this tissue. The cancer can grow through some or all of the other layers. The stage (extent) of the cancer depends to a great degree on how deep the cancer goes into these layers.
Because the majority of colon cancers begin as precancerous polyps, colon cancer is a potentially preventable disease. Screening and early detection can catch colon cancer at an early stage or before polyps turn into cancer. Colonoscopy is a screen test for colon cancer and is considered the most reliable means for early detection.
Cancer of the colon is rare in developing countries, but more common in Western societies. In the U.S. alone, colorectal cancer is the fourth most common cancer in men and women.1
- Read about Colon Cancer Symptoms.
- What You Need To Know About Cancer of the Colon and Rectum; National Cancer Institute. Available from: http://www.cancer.org/cancer/colonandrectumcancer/detailedguide/colorectal-cancer-key-statistics
Serious complications may occur in any surgery, including da Vinci® Surgery, up to and including death. Examples of serious or life-threatening complications, which may require prolonged and/or unexpected hospitalization and/or reoperation, include but are not limited to, one or more of the following: injury to tissues/organs, bleeding, infection and internal scarring that can cause long-lasting dysfunction/pain. Risks of surgery also include the potential for equipment failure and/or human error. Individual surgical results may vary.
Risks specific to minimally invasive surgery, including da Vinci Surgery, include but are not limited to, one or more of the following: temporary pain/nerve injury associated with positioning; temporary pain/discomfort from the use of air or gas in the procedure; a longer operation and time under anesthesia and conversion to another surgical technique. If your doctor needs to convert the surgery to another surgical technique, this could result in a longer operative time, additional time under anesthesia, additional or larger incisions and/or increased complications.
Patients who are not candidates for non-robotic minimally invasive surgery are also not candidates for da Vinci® Surgery. Patients should talk to their doctor to decide if da Vinci Surgery is right for them. Patients and doctors should review all available information on non-surgical and surgical options in order to make an informed decision. For Important Safety Information, including surgical risks, indications, and considerations and contraindications for use, please also refer to www.davincisurgery.com/safety and www.intuitivesurgical.com/safety. Unless otherwise noted, all people depicted are models.
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